🏁 The simplest way to use commas is in a list.

If you like 3 football teams, for example Sheffield United, Leeds and Barnsley, you can write a sentence like this:

I support Sheffield United, Leeds and Barnsley.

You’ll see that you only use one comma between the first two teams on the list. You don’t really need a comma there before the ‘and.’

Commas make sentences much easier to read.

🔆 If you get it, you’re ready to go to Skill 12.

You’ll need commas to list the turbo, radiator, cambelt and all the other modifications to this engine!

🛠 Need more practise? Try these exercises.

🎯 📝 Can you put the commas in these lists below?

1. I like to eat chocolate ice-cream and doughnuts.
2. I can swim run play football and climb.
3. I hate Eastenders Coronation Street Emmerdale and Hollyoaks!
4. I’m on Facebook Snapchat YouTube Instagram and Pinterest.

You can also look at this BBC Bitesize guide (if you have Flash player):

https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/articles/zc773k7

✅ Your answers should look like this:

1. I like to eat chocolate, ice-cream and doughnuts.
2. I can swim, run, play football and climb.
3. I hate Eastenders, Coronation Street, Emmerdale and Hollyoaks!
4.  I’m on Facebook, Snapchat, YouTube, Instagram and Pinterest.

🚦 Time for more?

You can also use commas after a colon (the sign that looks like this ‘:’), which can be used to introduce a list (more on this in the next section on commas and how to use them later on). For example, we could say:

John had three things on his mind at all times: football, drinking, and eating!

🎓 In the sentence above, there is a comma before the and. The name for a comma used in this position is a serial or Oxford comma. 

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